click here to Translate
Most scientific terms are based on Latin or Greek roots. See if you know which ones.
Find your Latin & Greek Roots here...
Vocabulary of Science
|english||root||root language||from||root meaning||notes|
|collision||Middle English, from Late Latin collsi, collsin-, from Latin collsus, past participle of colldere, to collide||Latin||collidere||to collide||late latin from Middle English|
|elastic||Latin elasticus, from Late Greek elastos||variant of Greek elatos||elaunein||beaten, ductile,||to beat out|
|energy||French énergie, from Late Latin energa, from Greek energeia, from , active en-, in, at; see en-2 + ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European Roots.||Greek||energos|
|force||Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin, from neuter pl. .||Latin|| fortia
|im·pulse||impulsus||Latin||impellere||past participle of to impel.||The product obtained by multiplying the average value of a force by the time during which it acts. The impulse equals the change in momentum produced by the force in this time interval.|
|ki·net·ic||Greek kntikos, from kntos, moving, from knein, to move. See kei-2 in Indo-European Roots||Greek||kntos||
|mo·men·tum||Latin mmentum, movement, from *movimentum, from movre, to move. See meu- in Indo-European Roots.||A measure of the motion of a body equal to the product of its mass and velocity. Also called linear momentum.|
|ob·serv·a·bles||Middle English observen, to conform to, from Old French observer, from Latin observre, to abide by, watch : ob-, over; see ob- + servre, to keep, watch; see ser-1 in Indo-European Roots.||A physical property, such as weight or temperature, that can be observed or measured directly, as distinguished from a quantity, such as work or entropy, that must be derived from observed quantities.|
|po·ten·tial||Middle English potencial, from Old French potenciel, from Late Latin potentilis, powerful, from Latin potentia, power, from potns, potent- present participle of posse, to be able. See potent.||The work required to move a unit of positive charge, a magnetic pole, or an amount of mass from a reference point to a designated point in a static electric, magnetic, or gravitational field; potential energy.|
|pow·er||Middle English, from Old French pooir, to be able, power, from Vulgar Latin *potre, to be able, from potis, able, powerful. See poti- in Indo-European Roots||
The rate at which work is done, expressed as the amount of work per unit time and commonly measured in units such as the watt and horsepower.
|ve·loc·i·ty||Middle English velocite, from Old French, from Latin vlcits, from vlx, vlc-, fast. See weg- in Indo-European Roots.||
A vector quantity whose magnitude is a body's speed and whose direction is the body's direction of motion.
|work||Middle English, from Old English weorc. See werg- in Indo-European Roots||
The transfer of energy from one physical system to another, especially the transfer of energy to a body by the application of a force that moves the body in the direction of the force.
It is calculated as the product of the force and the distance through which the body moves